Russia and the Revolutions of 1820’s in Southern Europe

Ada Dialla
Athens School of Fine Arts, Department of Theory and History of Art

The aim of my presentation is to incorporate Russian and Eurasian perspective to the theme of the revolutions of 1820’s. The Russian ambitions and attitudes toward the Mediterranean and Americas in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries entangled the Russian Empire with the British, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Ottoman empires, in other words with Mediterranean and global power politics and worldwide trade antagonisms. At the same time the end of the Napoleonic wars witnessed the height of Russian power and the personal prestige of Tsar Alexander (in the years 1815-1820). This was undoubtedly the Russian moment in 19th century European affairs. By focusing on the Greek case I intend to explore the role of Russia as a “place of hope” for many South European revolutionaries mainly because of “liberal intentions” of Alexander I. In this connection I will refer to the emergence of the liberal movement in Russia, generally referred as the Decembrist movement, and its intellectual affinities with the South European liberal movements.